Th e selected goal is rather to enable the readers to leapfrog decades of learning and evolution by the academic and professional community, so that they can really understand and act upon the huge location and layout design challenges present in today’s economy. Th e strategy used is to emphasize selected key facets of the domain in a rather pedagogical way. Th e objectives are on one hand to equip the reader with hands-on conceptual and methodological tooling to address realistic cases in practice and on the other hand to develop in the reader’s mind a growing holistic synthesis of the domain and its evolution. To achieve its goals and objectives, the chapter is structured as follows. Sections 9.2 through 9.6 focus on introducing the reader-design fundamentals. Aggregation and granularity are discussed in Section 9.2. It is about managing the compromise between scale, scope, and depth that is inherent in any location or layout design study given limited resources and time constraints to perform the design project. Section 9.3 is about the essential element of any location and layout design study, that is space itself, and how the designer represents it for design purposes. It exposes the key diff erences between discrete and continuous space representations, as well as the compromises at stake in selecting the appropriate representation in a given case. Sections 9.4 and 9.5 expose the impact of interdependencies on the design task. Section 9.4 focuses on the qualitative proximity relationships between entities to be located and laid out, as well as with existing fi xed entities. Section 9.5 concentrates on the quantitative fl ow and traffi c between these entities. Section 9.6 presents an illustrative basic layout design, exploiting the fundamentals introduced in the previous sections. Th e emphasis is not on how the design is generated. It is rather on the data feeding the design process, the intermediate and fi nal forms of the generated design, and the evaluation of the design. Sections 9.7 through 9.11 expand from the fundamentals by treating important yet more complex issues faced by engineers having to locate and lay out facilities so that the resulting design contributes as best as possible to the expected future performance of the organization or enterprise. Section 9.7 addresses how a designer can exploit the processing and spatial fl exibility of the centers to be laid out and located, whenever such fl exibility exists. Section 9.8 extends to describe how to deal with uncertainty when generating and evaluating designs. Section 9.9 deals with the fact that most design studies do not start from a green fi eld, but rather from an existing design which may be costly to alter. Section 9.10 extends to dealing with the dynamic evolution of the design, which switches the output of the study from a layout or location set to a scenario-dependent time-phased set of layouts or locations. Th e design thus becomes more of a process than a project. Finally Section 9.11 deals with the potential off ered by network and facility organization, when the engineer has freedom to defi ne the centers, their mission, their client–supplier relationships, their processors, and so on, as part of the design generation. Overall, Sections 9.2 through 9.11 portray a rich view of what location and layout design is really about. Th e aim is clear. A problem well understood is a problem half solved, while attempting to solve a problem wrongly assessed is wasteful and risky in terms of consequences.
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